Saluting India’s Bravehearts
Happy with your life? Take some time out to thank the bravehearts to whom we owe our happiness, freedom, and security. Here’s saluting 21 sons of the soil who were awarded the Param Vir Chakra for risking their all for the country.
Name – Major Somnath Sharma (posthumous)
Date – November 3, 1947
Place of Action – Badgam, Jammu & Kashmir
Major Sharma’s last message was received moments before he died. He said, “The enemies are only 50 yards from us. We are heavily outnumbered. We are under devastating fire. I shall not withdraw an inch but will fight to our last man and our last round.”
Name – Naik Jadu Nath Singh (posthumous)
Date – February 6, 1948
Place of Action – Naushera, Jammu & Kashmir
Naik Singh single-handedly defended a picket on the Tain Dhar ridge against a Pakistani raid.
Name – Major Rama Raghoba Rane
Date – April 8, 1948
Place of Action– Naushera, Jammu & Kashmir
Major Rane showed exemplary bravery clearing minefields from Naushera to Rajouri even as the region came under heavy enemy fire.
Name – Company Havildar Major Piru Singh Shekhawat (posthumous)
Date – July 17, 1948
Place of Action– Tithwal, Jammu & Kashmir
Havildar Major Shekhawat destroyed two MMG (medium machine gun) bunkers with grenades and killed the enemies sitting inside. He was shot in the head while approaching the third MMG point. However, he still managed to destroy it by hurling his last grenade.
Name – Captain Karam Singh
Date – October 13, 1948
Place of Action– Tithwal, Jammu & Kashmir
Captain Singh famously said, “There are many who’ll continue the fight after we die.” He was one of the five soldiers selected by Pt Jawaharlal Nehru to hoist the Tricolour for the first time after Independence.
Name – Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria (posthumous)
Date – December 5, 1961
Place of Action– Elizabethville, Katanga, Congo
Captain Singh Salaria saved the UN Headquarters in Elizabethville from enemy encirclement. He was awarded the Param Vir Chakra for his devotion and excellent leadership.
Name – Lt Col Dhan Singh Thapa
Date – October 20, 1962
Place of Action– Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir
When the Chinese attacked India in October 1962 a platoon of D Company headed by Lt Col Thapa defended one of the Indian outposts brilliantly, causing heavy losses to the enemy.
Name – Subedar Joginder Singh (posthumous)
Date – October 23, 1962
Place of Action– Tongpen La, NFA, India
Outnumbered by 20 to one in tough weather conditions, Subedar Singh and co-soldiers repealed two waves of enemies (200 in each).
Name – Major Shaitan Singh (posthumous)
Date – November 18, 1962
Place of Action– Rezang La, Jammu & Kashmir
Facing bone-chilling temperature at a height of 16,420 feet, and that too without any artillery support, Major Singh and his men quashed successive Chinese attacks.
Name – Company Quartermaster Havildar Abdul Hamid (posthumous)
Date – September 10, 1965
Place of Action– Khem Karan Sector, India
During the Indo-Pak War (1965), Quartermaster Havildar Hamid used a recoilless gun detachment to knock out two enemy tanks. The enemy then brought down their machine guns and riddled him with heavy explosives. Even though he was badly wounded, he kept firing.
Name – Lt Col Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore (posthumous)
Date – October 15, 1965
Place of Action– Phillora, Sialkot Sector, Pakistan
Battle of Chawinda, fought under the command of Lt Col Tarapore, is one of the biggest tank battles fought in world’s history.
Name – Lance Naik Albert Ekka (posthumous)
Date – December 3, 1971
Place of Action– Gangasagar, Agartala Sector
In spite of being severely injured, Lance Naik Ekka ensured the advancement of the Indian Army in Gangasagar.
Name – Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon (posthumous)
Date – December 14, 1971
Place of Action– Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir
In 1971, Srinagar Airfield was attacked by six enemy Sabre aircraft. Flying Officer Sekhon managed to damage two of the enemy aircraft at the cost of his life. He was awarded posthumously for his heroism and supreme sacrifice.
Name – Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal (posthumous)
Date – December 16, 1971
Place of Action– Barapind-Jarpal, Shakargarh Sector
Second Lieutenant Khetarpal was injured in a skirmish and was asked by his officer to pull back. He replied, “No sir, I’ll not abandon my tank. My gun is still working and I’ll get these bastards.”
Name – Col Hoshiar Singh Dahiya
Date – December 17, 1971
Place of Action– Basantar River, Shakargarh Sector
The dauntless leadership and fighting skill of Col Dahiya inflicted massive casualties on the 35 Frontier Force Rifles of the Pakistan Army shattering their nerves by gunning down their commander, Col Mohammad Akram Raja.
Name – Captain Bana Singh
Date – May 23, 1987
Place of Action– Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir
Captain Singh’s target was to capture a post on a peak called ‘Left Shoulder of the Bilafond La’. The peak is now called ‘Bana Top’.
Name – Major Ramaswamy Parameshwaran (posthumous)
Date – November 25, 1987
Place of Action– Sri Lanka
In November 1987, Major Parameswaran and his column were trapped by a group of militants in Sri Lanka. Showing excellent presence of mind, Major Parameswaran encircled them from the rear.
Name – Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey (posthumous)
Date – July 3, 1999
Place of Action– Khaluber/Juber Top Batalik sector, Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir
Critically bleeding, Captain Pandey collapsed before succumbing to his injuries but not before destroying the enemy. His last words were, “Na chhodna (Don’t spare them).”
Name – Subedar Yogendra Singh Yadav
Date – July 4, 1999
Place of Action– Tiger Hill, Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir
During the Kargil war, Subedar Yadav refused to be evacuated and continued fighting despite numerous bullet hits. He was awarded for his determination and courage under extreme adverse circumstances.
Name – Naib Subedar Sanjay Kumar
Date – July 5, 1999
Place of Action– Area Flat Top, Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir
Naib Subedar Kumar and his team were tasked to capture Area Flat Top of Point 4875 in the Mushkoh Valley held by militants in 1999. He crawled up the ledge towards the enemy bunker through a storm of fire without caring about his own safety. In spite of bleeding profusely from bullet wounds, he used an enemy machine gun to kill three enemy soldiers. He was awarded the Param Vir Chakra for this act of bravery.
Name – Captain Vikram Batra (posthumous)
Date – July 6, 1999
Place of Action– Point 5140, Point 4875, Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir
Captain Batra and his Delta Company were given the task of recapturing Point 5140. He alone killed three enemy soldiers in close combat while getting seriously injured himself. He still insisted on continuing with the task at hand.
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