All you need to know about the different types of coffee beans
Are you in a committed relationship with coffee? If yes, then you certainly ought to know more about it.
There are few specialities that have transcended from being just another food item to being extraordinaire. Coffee tops this list. For generations, the beverage – prepared from bitter-flavoured roasted coffee beans – has been ruling our hearts. Coffee varieties are many and continue to grow in numbers with passing time. And it's up to us to discover them all.
Conversations, meetings, late night study sessions are incomplete without a cuppa. For some, it’s therapeutic, while for others it’s an addiction they are not guilty of.
While sipping on that perfect coffee, relishing the richness of your favourite coffee beans, have you ever wondered where the coffee plants are cultivated? What are the different types of coffee beans? If yes, then we have all the answers to your questions. If you are a coffee lover, read on:
Types of Coffee Beans
The climatic conditions or region a coffee plant grows in determine the aroma, texture, flavour, size and colour of the beans. The growth pattern of these plants, the yielding capacity, and also the labour that is put into the production determine its cost.
Let’s list out the different types of coffee beans for you.
This variety is grown in high altitudes, requires even rainfall, and is farmed with care. These labour-intensive, low-yield plants are delicate and mostly grown in large quantities. Did you know, the superior-quality coffee beans account for 60% of the world’s coffee production? And there’s a good reason. Arabica beans have a bright body and a satisfying amount of acidity. The intricate flavours and aroma are retained since they are lightly roasted. If you like your brew strong, this is the best choice. The deliciousness of the beverage made of Arabica beans doubles when served hot. Try the cardamom-flavoured Arabica. You’ll fall in love.
If you like to keep the flavour of the coffee beans intact, yet have a weakness for sugar and cream, Robusta is what you need. You can brew your perfect cuppa with all your favourite ingredients without worrying about losing the zestful flavour of the Robusta beans in the process. This coffee variety is a favourite, not only because it does not create a hole in the pocket, but is extremely versatile.
This second-largest produced coffee bean finds its way into most homes. Robusta requires minimum effort to grow as it is tolerant of the environment, can grow in hot weather conditions and is almost immune to diseases. The Robusta beans of higher quality have a smooth texture and low acidity. In fact, if you are fond of chocolates and enjoy strong, unfiltered raw coffee that will help you remain awake for long, you will definitely prefer Robusta over Arabica as it has almost double the amount of caffeine that Arabica does. There are also umpteen options if you enjoy decaffeinated coffee.
If you are keen on exploring exotic coffee flavours, Liberica is something you must definitely try. Though it is no longer an easily available coffee bean variety, since Arabica has long taken over its position as one of the most popular coffee beans, you can definitely look for Liberica coffee beans in selected stores.
In the late 19th century when coffee rust decimated almost 90% of the world’s Arabica stock, the Liberica plant was chosen as a replacement. However, there is a unique floral and fruity aroma that is distinct. Get a handful of this irregular-shaped coffee variety before it’s lost completely.
This coffee bean variant belongs to the Liberica family. However, many coffee lovers question if at all the two have common genes. The climatic conditions favourable for the cultivation of both these varieties are similar, the structure and also the shape are identical. This varietal grows mostly in South Asia but has an almost negligible presence in the world’s coffee circulation map. The Java coffee grown in Indonesia is one of the oldest coffees. If you are a coffee enthusiast and like to keep experimenting with fresh flavours, you must place your bid on this fruity-bodied, complex coffee varietal.
Today, coffee lovers are also keen to experiment with herbal coffee varieties. You should too.
Now that you know about the different types of coffee beans, you must be wondering how to choose the perfect variety, isn’t it? Here, we will list a few factors that must be considered. Read on. You’d definitely not want to miss out on these:
- Analyse your taste: If you like your coffee bold, dark, and bitter, you definitely must invest in beans that are roasted for a longer duration. If you like it mild, light coloured, dry beans are what you must put your money into.
- Go for freshly roasted beans: Always look for coffee which has a clear roast date on them. Freshly roasted coffee beans will help you get that perfect cuppa. Do not invest in packs that don’t provide information on the same.
- Caffeine Content: Is caffeine a prime factor that determines your liking for a particular variety of coffee? If yes, then you must invest in a coffee bean that has high caffeine content. The lightly roasted Robusta beans will be your ideal pick. This variety has higher caffeine content than Arabica.
- Analyse colour, the texture of grounded beans: If the grounds are sticky and are moving in clumps they are the dark beans, they are bitter to taste. If the grounds have sand-like consistency, they are the lightly roasted beans and are milder.
- Shelf life of the coffee beans: Most coffee beans will provide high-quality beverage if used within a period of 7-14 weeks. Thus when you are purchasing, make sure that you don’t store the coffee beans for long.
Do you now have a fair idea on how to buy the finest variety of coffee beans? If yes, then make sure you follow these for the most extraordinary cuppa. Let’s brew!
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